Belgrade city info and famous Belgrade sights

  • Belgrade is situated on the junction of two great rivers, Sava and Danube.
  • Stambol gate, Zindan gate, Leopold gate, Roman well, monument Pobednik, Museum of Belgrade’s Forth, Military Museum, Turkish bath, Nebojsa look-tower, Belgrade zoo etc.
  • Kalamegdan the city fort, is certainly one of the most beautiful locations in Belgrade. Today Kalamegdan is a great city park standing on a hill rising above the junction of Danube and Sava.
  • Skadarlija one of the most famous street in Belgrade with fmouse restaurants like  Tri Sesira, Dva Jelena, Dva Bela Goluba, and Zlatni Bokal.
  • Knez Mihajlova street represents the hearth of Belgrade. Knez Mihajlova street starts with Kalamegdan and end with Albania tower.
  • Trg Republike (Republic Square) is the central square. It is surrounded by the buildings of National Theatre, National Museum, Military Home, and movie theatre Jadran.
  • Terazije street starts where Knez Mihajlova street ends at Albania tower.
  • Ada Ciganlija is an island on the river Sava.
  • Nikola Pasic Square
  • City Assembly of Belgrade, The Old Royale Palace of the Obrenovic' dynasty of Serbia
  • National Museum in Belgrade  is the oldest and most remarkable museum in Serbia.
  • Military Museum Belgrade, Vojni muzej Beograd
  • The Etnographic Museum Belgrade, Etnografski muzej Beograd.
  • Patriarchate of the Serbian Orthodox Church and Saborna Crkva (The Orthodox Cathedral)
  • Crkva Sv. Marka (St. Mark’s Church)
  • Hram Sv. Save (St. Sava's Church)

Position

Belgrade is situated on the junction of two great rivers, Sava and Danube, where borders of central, southern and eastern Europe meet. About 1.500.000 people live in Belgrade and that makes it the second biggest city on the Balkans, right after Istanbul.

Short History

Belgrade has a long and interesting history. At its’ suburb area, Vinca, a Neolithic settlement was found which dates from 4.000 years B.C. The area of downtown was first settled by Celts which named the city Singidunum in the 4th century B.C. By the 1st century A.D. on the same location the Romans built their first fort which remains can still be seen today. After the splitting of the Roman Empire Belgrade came under the Eastern Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire where it remained until the 7th century when Slavs overtook. By the year of 878 A.D. its’ name is changed by the south Slavs and it gets the name Beograd (Belgrade) meaning the white town. Over the centuries many nations ruled the Belgrade and by the year of 1284 A.D. for the first times it comes under the Serbian rule and the leadership of Despot Stefan Lazarevic (1403-1427) who encourages its development. For the first time then Belgrade becomes the capital city but in the following years falls under the rules of Hungarians, Turks, Austrians, and by 1882A.D. it finally receives the title of capital city of Kingdome Serbia when it develops as the economical and cultural center.

Kalamegdan

Kalamegdan the city fort, is certainly one of the most beautiful locations in Belgrade. The name “Kalamegdan” comes from two Turkish words, kala – field, and megdan – battle, which explains the function of the fort through the history. The fort was the most important military battlement in this part of Europe. Today Kalamegdan is a great city park standing on a hill rising above the junction of Danube and Sava. There you can see some magnificent cultural monuments and museums among which are: Stambol gate, Zindan gate, Leopold gate, Roman well, monument Pobednik, Museum of Belgrade’s Forth, Military Museum, Turkish bath, Nebojsa look-tower, Belgrade zoo etc.

Skadarlija

Skadarlija one of the most famous street in Belgrade which was formed in 1872. By the end of 19th century it became known as the bohemian street. With numerous cafes and restaurants it was the street of famous artists, painters, writers, actors etc. Skadarlija kept its’ authentic look and you can still visit and dine at restaurants which date from the beginning of the 20th century, and some of them are Tri Sesira, Dva Jelena, Dva Bela Goluba, and Zlatni Bokal.

Knez Mihajlova street

Knez Mihajlova street represents the hearth of Belgrade. Its’ structures were made by the second half of 19th century. It is closed for cars and is the main walking zone with great number of boutiques and shops. Knez Mihajlova street starts with Kalamegdan and end with Albania tower.

Trg Republike (Republic Square)

Trg Republike (Republic Square) is the central square. It is surrounded by the buildings of National Theatre, National Museum, Military Home, and movie theatre Jadran.

Terazije street

Terazije street starts where Knez Mihajlova street ends at Albania tower. The street dates from the first half of the 19th century. One of the most remarkable buildings in this street is the Hotel Moskva (Moscow Hotel) which was built in 1906 in front of which stands the fountain built in 1860.

Ada Ciganlija

Ada Ciganlija is an island on the river Sava and the lake was made in 1967 and is called the Sava Lake. The island has a very dynamic eco system and its’ territory which is covered by different trees is a natural habitat to many bird species. The lake, Ada Ciganlija, is Belgrade’s largest city beach and recreational centre. During hot summer days many times there have been more than 300,000 visitors. It has 8km of beach around the lake, more than 20 registered sport clubs, over 70 cafes and restaurants, walking and bicycle paths, picnic area, over 50 sport courts, showers, toilets, police station, life-guard towers, and a few medical teams. Here visitors can enjoy a cold drink on the beach or in a café, or practice their favorite outdoor activity. The list is long, you can rent a bike, play basketball, volleyball, tennis, rugby, soccer, golf, mini golf, swim, run, practice rock climbing, water skiing, or get your adrenalin rush from a bungee jump. Every year Ada is also a host to many domestic and international rowing and kayaking championships. During last few years Ada’s night life started expanding rapidly. Every year there is more and more cafes opened and some have a live music of different style every evening. It is of great importance to the city especially during summer months and it is not strange why people often call it Belgrade’s Sea.

National Museum

National Museum was founded in 1844 and is the oldest and most remarkable museum in Serbia. It contains more than 290.000 listed objects in its collections. It covers different eras of history like, prehistory, Middle Ages, recent Serbian and foreign art and paintings.

The Etnographic Museum

The Etnographic Museum, founded in 1901, has more than 80,000 objects. It has separate departments among some present national costumes, jewelry, domestic fabric production, architectural elements, ceramics, arts, crafts, folklore items, musical instruments etc.

Military Museum

Military Museum was founded in 1878 and contains more than 20.000 pieces among most are weapons, military equipment, flags and uniforms from various ages in history. Outside of the museum can be seen a number of armed military vehicles, tanks, and cannons from the I and the II World War.

Patriarchate and The Orthodox Cathedral

Patriarchate is the residence of the head of the Serbian Orthodox Church. The library and the museum of the Serbian Orthodox Church are within the building. The Patriarchate was built during in 1935 and across from it stands The Orthodox Cathedral which was built between 1837 and 1840 by order of prince Milos Obrenovic. Two Serbian rulers and two other outstanding figures from the Serbian history were buried in the church’s yard. The church contains a rich treasury with number of icons.

Crkva Sv. Marka (St. Mark’s Church)

The church was built in 1940 and it’s Serbian-Byzantine style reminds of remarkable Serbian Gracanica Monastery. Sarcophagus with the remains of the Serbian emperor Dušan lies in this church.

Hram Sv. Save (St. Sava's Church)

This is one of the largest orthodox churches in the world. It was built on the spot where Turkish Sinnan Pasha burned the holy relics of Sv. Sava.